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  • Governance - Embassy of Armenia to Belgium
    President The President of the Republic of Armenia is the head of State The President ensures adherence to the Constitution and provides for regular functioning of legislative executive and judicial authorities The President is the guarantor of Republic of Armenia s sovereignty territorial integrity and security The President of Republic is elected by the citizens of the Republic of Armenia for a five year term of office The Legislative Power The single chambered National Assembly is the supreme legislative authority of the Republic of Armenia The National Assembly consists of 131 deputies 75 of which are elected on the basis of proportional representation and 56 majority representation The National Assembly is elected through general elections for a term of five years Parliamentary elections were last held in 2007 The Executive Power Executive power is exercised by RA Government The Government is composed of Prime Minister and Ministers Based on consultations held with National Assembly factions the President of Republic appoints the person nominated by the parliamentary majority to be Prime Minister or where impossible the person nominated by the largest number of NA membership The President of the Republic appoints and discharges members of government on Prime Minister s proposal The Judicial Power In the Republic of Armenia justice shall be administered solely by the courts in accordance with the Constitution and the laws The courts operating in the Republic of Armenia are the first instance court of general jurisdiction the courts of appeal the Court of Cassation as well as specialized courts in cases prescribed by the law The highest court instance in the Republic of Armenia except for matters of constitutional justice is the Court of Cassation which shall ensure uniformity in the implementation of the law The Constitutional Court shall administer the constitutional justice in the Republic

    Original URL path: http://www.belgium.mfa.am/en/governance/ (2015-11-25)
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  • Culture - Embassy of Armenia to Belgium
    the 5th century Armenian tales were passed down by oral tradition and written in foreign languages Armenian manuscripts beautifully illuminated with miniatures combine Armenia s literary and illustrative traditions Christian culture and the invention of the Armenian alphabet by Mesrop Mashtots so thoroughly expressive of the language that it has withstood the centuries without any essential changes gave new stimuli to the development of unique cultural traditions There is no better place to view this literary and artistic history than Yerevan s unique Matenadaran Institute of Ancient Manuscripts which houses an extraordinary collection of 14 000 complete manuscripts fragments and miniatures The oldest parchments date back to the fifth and sixth centuries The majority of manuscripts are research works of ancient scholars on theology astronomy astrology alchemy geography history medicine poetry and music The Armenian Theatre has history of more than 2000 years In the Matenadaran there are a lot of manuscripts also about the theatre The Greek historian Plutarch attests that in 53 B C The Bacchae of Euripides was staged in Artashat and that the Armenian king Artavazd composed tragedies The chronicler of the 5th century Hovhan Mandakouni and Davtak Kertogh 7th century then Tovma Artsruni 9th 10th centuries and others gave valuable information on the Theatre according to which the Theatre maintained its existence in further centuries too The traditions of the Armenian Theatre are being kept with zeal and responsibility also today Armenian painting blossomed in the 19th century Artists from that period such as the portrait painter Hakob Hovnatanian and the seascape artist Ivan Aivazovsky continue to enjoy internationalreputation In the 20th century Martiros Saryan captured nature s essence in a new light and Arshile Gorky greatly influenced a generation of young American artists in New York while Carzou and Jansem found fame and fortune

    Original URL path: http://www.belgium.mfa.am/en/culture/ (2015-11-25)
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  • History - Embassy of Armenia to Belgium
    from city Sis the former capital of Cilicia and is there so far In the 15 17th centuries as a result of devastating Ottoman Persian wars Armenia was twice divided between the Ottoman Empire and the Safavids Persia according to Amasia 1555 and Qasr e Shirin 1639 treaties The forceful relocation of more than 300 thousand Armenians from Ararat valley and southern parts of Armenia to Persia by Shah Abbas at the beginning of the 17th had disastrous consequences for the Armenian people and historical Armenian lands Socio Political Situation in Armenia in the 16 18th Centuries Brutal political social national and religious oppressions led to a massive liberation movement of the Armenian people in that period In the 16 18th centuries Armenian socio political figures explained the liberation of Armenia by the help of Western European countries such as the Republic of Venice France and Germany yet gradually Armenians started to gravitate toward the Russian state for that purpose In the 16 18th centuries Israel Ori 1656 1711 was an outstanding actor in the national liberation movement At the outset of his activity on behalf of the Armenian princes Israel Ori appealed to the European rulers asking assistance for the liberation of Armenia Having received no real support Ori moved to Russia in 1701 and presented the plan of the liberation of Armenia to Tsar Peter the Great In 1722 1730 a strong national liberation movement broke out in Syunik led by David Bek and Artsakh led by Catholicos of Gandzasar Esaiah Hasan Jalalyan and Avan Yuzbashi In the second half of the 18th century Armenian colonies in India and Russia became the idoeological centers of the national liberation movement The Armenian Circle of Madras S Shahamiryan M Baghramian H Emin etc and other leaders of the Armenian colony in Russia A Lazarian A Argutyan and others put forward two projects of creating the Armenian state under Russian patronage Despite the difficult conditions of that period Armenian culture and literature experienced a significant development Particularly Mkhitarian Congregation of Armenian Catholics was established in Venice in 1717 and subsiquently in Vienna which played an invaluable role in preserving the Armenian identity and Armenianology as well as in the development of cultural literary and scientific potential of the Armenian people In 1512 the first Armenian printed book Urbatagirk was published in Venice and in 1792 the first periodical Azdarar was issued in Madras In 1616 a book The Psalm about David was published in Lvov In 1666 the first Armenian printed book Holy Bible consisting of 1464 pages was brought out In the middle of the 18th century Dictionary of Haikazian Armeian Language was published in Venice and at the end of the same century the famous History of Armenia by M Chamchyan came out in many volumes The Accession of Eastern Armenia to the Russian Empire If by the end of the 18th century separate plans to rebuild the Armenian state were considered then at the beginning of the 19th century Russia started the conquering of South Caucasus including Eastern Armenia In 1801 Eastern Georgian kingdom was finally dissolved and united with the Russian Empire Armenian populated Lori district included Later by Turkmenchay agreement 1828 and Adrianopole Treaty 1829 the accession of the Transcaucasia was mostly completed In 1828 Armenian Marz Region was temporarily formed on the territories of the former Yerevan and Nakhichevan Khanates Iranian provinces which later became the basis of the rebuilt Armenian statehood As a result of the unification with the Russian Empire the restoration of national identity and development of capitalist relations in Armenia were accelerated Armenian bourgeoisie gaining a leading role in the Transcaucasia began its activities in such commercial industrial and cultural centers as Baku Tbilisi Batumi Shushi etc A copper mining industry was developing in Alaverdi and Kapan brandy and wine cotton and leather production was developing in the Ararat valley In 1870 the agrarian reform was carried out which accelerated the involvement of Armenia in All Russian market Situation in Western Armenia The Armenian Question on the International Arena Since the beginning of the 19th century Armenia was divided between the Ottoman and Russian empires The western and eastern parts of historical Armenia populated with Armenians are conditionally called Western Armenia and Eastern Armenia The name Western Armenia was put into circulation as early as in the 4 5th centuries when the kingdom of Greater Armenia was divided between Persia and the Roman Empire Western Armenia fell under the domination of Ottoman Turkey in 1555 under the Treaty of Amasia signed with Persia and Eastern Armenia became Russia s territory in 1826 28 according to the treaty of Turkmenchay signed as a result of the Russo Persian war From an ethnic perspective the Ottoman Empire was a composite of over 60 nationalities and tribes with different cultural and religious affiliations as well as with different levels of social economic political and cultural development The strengthening of the economic situation of the Christian nations the awakening of national consciousness and the increased pressure of the European Powers made the policy of universal islamization by Sultan s authorities almost impossible The emergence of the Armenia Question was initially conditioned by the loss of the Armenian statehood and later in the middle of the 19th century by the sharp deterioration of Armenians situation in the Ottoman Empire and the awakening of the national identity It became the integral part of so called Eastern Question and played an important role in the international relations in the Middle East policy of the major powers Actually the Armenian issue was addressed upon in the 1878 Russo Turkish Treaty As a result of Russo Turkish war of 1877 78 the regions of Kars and Batumi were united with Russia According to the 16th article of San Stefano Agreement and the 61st article of Berlin treaty the Ottoman Empire undertook to implement reforms in Western Armenia and ensure the security of Armenian population However those solutions were remained a dead letter that led to the new rebellions in Sasoun Vaspourakan and other places The Armenian Questions became the subject of discussions of European diplomacy For the first time in modern history Armenia and Armenians were mentioned in an important international pact However neither Russian nor European diplomacy intended to fight for the autonomy of Western Armenia as it happened in the case of the Balkan peoples Russia merely undertook the role of the protector of the Western Armenians and the role of the supervisor of the implementation of the reforms in the conquered territories with large Armenian indigenous population Realizing the importance of Armenian Question for the foreign policies of major powers the government of Abdul Hamid II decided to eliminate the issue and increased the persecution of the Armenian population of the Empire via inciting Muslim fundamentalism spreading anti Armenian propaganda permanent robberies and murders lawless and willful acts of local authorities forced islamization of Armenians and stricter censorship as well as via irregular Kurdish tribes cavalry As a result of such a policy in the late 80th early 90th of the 19th century Armenian national liberation movement entered into a new phase Armenian political parties emerged the liberation struggle i e rebel movements strengthened in Western Armenia In 1895 1896 the Ottoman government organized the mass destruction of Armenians in Western Armenia as a result more than 300 thousand Armenians were perished and tens of thousands were forcibly islamized The Armenian issue attracted the attention of European diplomacy also at the end of the 19th century and in 1912 1914 According to the Russian Turkish agreement of January 1914 two provinces Northern and Southern parts were to be formed on the territory of Western Armenia which would have to be governed by two foreign European Governors The Armenian Genocide Taking advantage of the situation created as a result of the First World War the Turkish ruling circles of that time tried to implement their long standing idea of creating a Great Turan by unification of Muslim nations in the Middle East Caucasus Russia and Central Asia Armenian people living in Eastern and Western parts of their historic homeland were hindrance on the way of achieving this goal The war provided the Turkish government with a perfect opportunity for fulfilling their genocidal program and at the same time for justifying and concealing their horrible crimes under the concept of Act of war In February 1915 the War Minister of the Young Turks government Enver Pasha ordered to exterminate the Armenian soldiers serving in the Turkish army On April 24 and subsequent days in Kostandnupolis Istanbul some 800 representatives of the Armenian intellectuals such as writers doctors scholars journalists and clerics including Armenian members of the Turkish Parliament were arrested and deported far in Anatolia Some of them died on the way the rest were executed immediately upon arrival at the place of exile On May 24 the governments of Great Britain France and Russia issued a joint Statement This Statement can be considered to be the first international document condemning the Armenian Genocide It qualified the atrocities against Armenians as a new type of crime against humanity and civilization the personal responsibility for which lies with all members of Turkish Sublime Porte as well as with local authorities From May to June the mass deportation and massacre of the Armenian population of Western Armenia villayats of Van Erzurum Bitlis Kharberd Sebastia and Diyarbakir Cilicia Western Anatolia and other localities began Armenians being deported from their permanent and historical places of residence were grouped in caravans and sent to Mesopotamia and Syrian Desert where special camps were set up for them The Armenians were being killed both in their places of residence and on the way to exile in deserts Hundreds of thousands of Armenians died as a result of starvation diseases and epidemics About one and half a million Armenians were slaughtered as a result of that monstrous program Western Armenia was deprived of its native population Restoration of Armenian Statehood The First Republic of Armenia 1918 1920 In 1917 after the February Revolution Russian Provisional Government dissolved the Viceroyalty of Caucasus and established the Transcaucasian Special Committee During that period of time steps were undertaken for the Armenian refugees to return back to Western Armenia By the end of 1917 the number of refugees was about 390 thousand In September 1917 the Armenian National Committee was formed in Tbilisi where the representatives of the Armenian Revolutionary Party of Dashnaktsutiun had priority In December the Yerznka Ceasefire was signed between the newly established Transcaucasian Committee and Ottoman Army In its turn the Soviet Government announced a Decree on Turkish Armenia recognizing the right of Armenians from Western Armenia to the Self Determination including even the creation of an independent state However Turkish troops restarted military actions disrupting the Reconciliation Regime Despite heroic resistance the Armenian irregular troops and volunteer detachments began retreating to the borders of Eastern Armenia According to the Treaty of Brest Litovsk March 3 1918 under the pressure of Germany the Soviet Russia agreed to return to the borders of the former Russian Turkish War of 1877 1878 As a result of that retrograde not only Western Armenia but the regions of Kars Ardahan and Batumi became parts of Ottoman Empire as well As a consequence of the Treaty of Brest Litovsk the peace negotiations that had been conducting with Ottoman Empire in Trapizon since March 1918 by the authorities of the Transcaucasian Democratic Federative Republic former Commissariat and then Sejm were deadlocked and suspended Invading Eastern Armenia Turkish troops occupied the Province of Kars cities of Kars and Alexandrapol Gyumri and moved towards Yerevan and Gharakilisa nowadays Vanadzor On their way Turks were demolishing Armenian towns and villages slaughtering population The situation was fatal Eastern Armenia was under the threat of genocide then Day by day growing danger united Armenians and Armenian troops along with militias and led by General Moses Silikyan Colonels Daniel Bek Pirumov Drastamat Kanayan and others made a decisive counterattack to the Turkish conquerors near Sardarapat that were moving forward Yerevan then after near Gharakilisa and Bash Aparan During those days of Heroic Battles of May 1918 the discrepancies within the Transcaucasian Democratic Federative Republic composed of three main nationalities of the South Caucasus were deepening On March 26 1918 the Transcaucasian Sejm Parliament was dissolved leading to the dissolution of Transcaucasian Republic In those conditions on May 28 1918 the Armenian National Council declared itself as the only and supreme authority of Armenian provinces The Republic of Armenia was established After the defeat of Ottoman Empire in the World War I and according to the Peace Treaty of Mudros October 30 1918 Turkish Troops hastily quited the Territory of Eastern Armenia The power of the First Republic was applied to the following areas major part of former Kars Region the Province of Erevan western parts of Province of Elizavetpol and southern parts of the Province of Tbilisi Kharabakh was neither included in the territory of the Republic nor subjected to Musavat Azerbaijan it was governed by the Congresses of the National Council of local Armenians In April 1920 during a regular Congress the people of Nagorno Karabakh made a decision on unification with the Republic of Armenia On August 10 1920 the victorious states of the World War I including Armenia signed a peace agreement with defeated Turkey in the city of Sevres France It was Avetis Aharonyan the head of the Armenian delegation to the Paris Peace Conference who signed the agreement on behalf of the Republic of Armenia The section Armenia in the Treaty of Sevres included Articles 88 93 By this treaty Sultan Turkish Government recognized Armenia as a free and independent state Armenia and Turkey agreed to provide America with an opportunity to decide the demarcation line between the two states in Erzrum Van and Bitlis provinces as well as to accept the offers concerning the access of Armenia to the Black Sea and the disarmament of all Ottoman territories adjacent to above mentioned boundary The nationalist government of Turkey headed by Mustafa Kemal who assumed the authority did not accept the Treaty of Sevres In 1920 the Soviet Government seeking to direct the Kemalist movement in Turkey against the Entente provided Turkey with palpable military and financial aid which was used against Greece in the West and against Armenia in the East At the end of September 1920 Turkish army started attacking Conquering more and more lands the Government of Ankara was aimed at depriving Armenians of an opportunity to recreate its own state Turkish troops occupied the Region of Kars Surmalu and Alexandrapol Soviet Armenia The Soviet government pursued a deliberate policy of Sovietization of the Transcaucasian republics with an aim to restore the borders of the Russian Empire The 11th Red army occupied the main territories of Nagorno Karabakh Zangezur and Nakhichevan after the Sovietization of Azerbaijan April 1920 Further in August 1920 an agreement was signed between the representatives of Armenia and Russia Via this agreement Soviet Russia forced Armenia to recognize those territories as disputed provided that their further fate would be determined as a result of an expression of population will i e the referendum On November 29 1920 a small detachments of the Red Army and the Armenian Bolsheviks entered Ijevan Northeastern Armenia from the Azerbaijani side and declared Armenia a Soviet Republic According to November 20 decision of the Revolutionary Committee of Azerbaijan headed by Narimanov Nagorno Karabakh Nakhichevan and Zangezur were no longer considered to be disputed territories but integral parts of the Soviet Armenia On December 2 Armenian government agreed upon the Sovietization of Armenia and relinquished its power in favor of the Bolshevik Revolutionary Committee On the same day in Alexandrapol quite inexplicably the representatives of the relinquished Armenian government signed a peace agreement with Turkey and considered the war ended thus conceding almost half of their territory Later the Soviet authorities never recognized the conditions of Alexandrapol treaty On March 16 1921 a Treaty on Friendship and Fraternity between Russia and Turkey was signed in Moscow According to its first article the Soviet Russian government agreed not to recognize any international treaty related to Turkey which was not ratified by the Great National Assembly This provision was directed primarily against the Peace Treaty of Sevres which Turkey at any cost tried to declare null and void Finally the new border was recognized according to the Treaty of Kars October 3 1921 that was signed between Turkey and the Transcaucasian states and is in force up to date As for the international conference of Lausanne held in 1922 23 it ended up with the signing of several documents the most important of which is probably the Lausanne Peace Treaty according to which the current Turkish borders were established replacing the Treaty of Sevres According to the same Moscow Treaty Nakhichevan became an autonomous territory under the patronage of Azerbaijan and under the decision of the Caucasian Bureau of the RCWP from July 5 1921 Nagorno Karabakh was declared an autonomous region within the territory of Azerbaijan Soviet Armenia was not a sovereign state but it played a very important role in the preservation of the Armenian statehood and development of the national identity Despite the wide spread repressions particularly those of 1937 and 1948 49 Armenia made great progress in its economic industrial scientific and cultural life Soviet Armenia became a leading industrial agrarian country it was a land of universal literacy highly developed education and science culture literature and art The system of higher education was successfully developing in Yerevan State University founded as early as in 1919 and in other specialized universities In 1943 the Academy of Sciences was established The Armenian people took an active participation in the Second World War About 440 000 Armenian soldiers and officers fought in the ranks of Soviet Army There was also a significant number

    Original URL path: http://www.belgium.mfa.am/en/history/ (2015-11-25)
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  • Study in Armenia - Embassy of Armenia to Belgium
    Philology Oriental Studies Journalism Philosophy and Psychology Informatics and Applied Mathematics Radio physics Sociology Romano Germanic Languages International Relations Theology Languages of study Armenian Website www ysu am Yerevan State Medical University after Mkhitar Heratsi Founded in 1930 on the basis of medical faculty of the Yerevan State University which functioned from 1922 Departments General Medicine Public Health Stomatology Pharmacy Military Medicine Postgraduate and Continuing Education Languages of study Armenian Russian English Website www ysmu am State Engineering University of Armenia The legal successor of Yerevan Polytechnic Institute founded in 1933 Departments Chemical Technologies and Environmental Engineering Electrical Engineering Machine Building Mining and Metallurgy Cybernetics Power Engineering Radio Engineering and Communication Systems Computer Systems and Informatics Transportation Systems Applied Mathematics Mechanics and Machine Study Correspondence Education Languages of study Armenian Russian English Website www seua am Yerevan State Linguistic University after Valeri Brusov Founded in 1935 Departments Foreign Languages English French German Spanish Italian Greek Persian Russian Language Literature and Foreign Languages English Spanish German French Linguistics and Intercultural Communication Languages of study Armenian Russian English Website www brusov am Yerevan State University of Economy Founded in 1975 The foundation sources arise since 1930 from Cooperative Economics Institute then as Department of Economics of Yerevan State University for more than four decades Departments Management Regulation of Economy and International Economic Relations Finance Marketing and Business Organization Computer Science and Statistics Accounting and Auditing Languages of study Armenian Russian English Website www asue am Armenian Russian Slavonic State University Founded in 1997 The University was established on the basis of the Agreement between the Government of the Republic of Armenia and the Government of the Russian Federation on the conditions of establishment and operation in Yerevan Armenian Russian University which was signed on August 29 1997 Departments Applied Mathematics and Informatics

    Original URL path: http://www.belgium.mfa.am/en/study/ (2015-11-25)
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  • Doing business in Armenia - Embassy of Armenia to Belgium
    country in many respects is conditioned by developing of purposeful investment policy and its effective realization As in all developed countries the maintenance of the growth of investments in RA solves the important issues such as creation of jobs attraction of special know how for market economy the general and financial regulation the marketing new technologies skills etc access to new markets access opportunities to these markets In relation to investments RA has declared and carries out the policy of open doors and this liberal approach is specified in the legislation in particular in the Law On foreign investments of RA adopted in 1994 in the Concept of the Investment policy adopted in 2005 and in other legislative acts regulating economic environment concerning investments Investment policy of RA was made and carried out on liberal bases and directed to the integration of Armenia into the world economy The main principles of investment policy of RA are application of liberal principles of economic activities in investment sphere maintenance of attraction and stability of the legislation regulating the investments maintenance equal not discriminatory economic conditions for foreign and internal investors granting of the national treatment and most favored nation treatment to foreign investors and investments maintenance of protection of legitimate interests of investors and investments The basic purposes of investment policy of RA are maintenance of stable economic growth and increase of a living standard of the population by means of increase of economic activity increase in volumes of investments and creation of a favorable investment climate For formation of the favorable investment environment and increase in volumes of foreign and internal investments special importance is given to the problem of overcoming of bureaucratic obstacles in the investment environment Stimulation of investments presence of their significant volumes in economy was and remains the determinative for maintenance of comprehensible rates and volumes of economic development of RA With the purpose of improvement of the investment environment and stimulation of investments the Government of RA aspires to carry out some primary steps what the following are In order to prevent unequal regional development of the country and stimulation of investments in regions targeted measures development of economic infrastructures relations and communications application of effective system of stimulation and assistance are carried out At the same time the development and realization of complex programs of regional development will be continued Steps are taken for an essential change of structure of competitive advantages of the country taking into account modern tendencies of direct foreign investments such as progressive increase in investment volumes in science intensive branches where the role of presence of natural resources and a cheap labor should gradually decrease and at the same time there should be decisive created actives such as qualified personnel scientific and technical structures development of infrastructures A special attention is attached to the development of communicative and information technologies and their wide application Now these technologies are one of the basic strategic directions of the policy of state development

    Original URL path: http://www.belgium.mfa.am/en/business/ (2015-11-25)
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  • Invest in Armenia - Embassy of Armenia to Belgium
    investments are one of the core directions of RA Government economic policy and are stipulated in the investment policy activity program of RA Government The investment policy is targeted at the development of favorable investment and business climate advancement of the transparency of regulating environment revelation of competitive advantages of the country increase of the volume of investments in Armenia development of market infrastructure and as a result the insurance of economic development based on all the mentioned factors The further course of industrial and technological development of the country is mostly conditioned by the development and effective implementation of targeted investment policy The provision of increase in the volume of the investments in Armenia will solve several key issues such as creation of new workplaces involvement of know how specific to market economies general and financial management marketing new technologies skills etc revelation of new markets and their accessibility opportunities for entering them etc Having the objective of effective implementation of investment policy the Republic of Armenia has announced and is carrying the policy of Open Doors The main legal acts regulating the investment sector in Armenia are the 1994 RA law On Foreign Investments as well as other

    Original URL path: http://www.belgium.mfa.am/en/invest/ (2015-11-25)
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  • Foreign Policy - Embassy of Armenia to Belgium
    presenting the positions of Armenia оn the international scene raising efficiency of protecting the interests of Armenia and its citizens abroad deepening engagement in the international organizations and processes strengthening cooperation with the friendly and partner states as well as resolving regional problems and creating an atmosphere of cooperation One of the goals of Armenia s foreign policy is to ensure the international community s understanding of Armenia s positions as well as provide support to them One of the main tasks of the foreign policy is peaceful and fair settlement of the Karabakh issue based on the self determination of the people of Artsakh The issue of Nagorno Karabakh conflict settlement will be based upon the following principles Nagorno Karabakh conflict settlement must be based on recognition of the Nagorno Karabakh people s right to self determination Nagorno Karabakh Republic should have uninterrupted land communication with Armenia under jurisdiction of the Armenian side the security of Nagorno Karabakh Republic should be internationally guaranteed The agreement between all the parties to the Karabakh conflict should include solutions to all problems and the mechanisms that would ensure the implementation of those solutions in a single package Armenia is consistent in strengthening

    Original URL path: http://www.belgium.mfa.am/en/foreignpolicy/ (2015-11-25)
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  • Nagorno Karabagh - Embassy of Armenia to Belgium
    Azerbaijani media Baku Worker organ of the Central Committee of the Azerbaijan Communist Party June 22 1921 Thus a legal confirmation of the unification of Nagorno Karabakh to Armenia took place Within the context of international law and norms in the international legal sense it was the last legal act on Nagorno Karabakh during the communist regime Ignoring the reality on July 4 1921 in the capital of Georgia Tbilisi the Caucasian Bureau of the Communist Party of Russia convened a plenary session during which the fact that Nagorno Karabakh is part of the Armenian SSR was reconfirmed However under the dictation of Moscow and Stalin s direct interference on the night of July 5 the decision of the previous day was reviewed and the forced decision of incorporating Nagorno Karabakh to Azerbaijan and forming on its territory an autonomous oblast was made not even keeping procedure This decision is an unprecedented legal act in the history of international law when the party organ of a third country RK b P without any legal basis or authority determines the status of Nagorno Karabakh In December 1922 Azerbaijani and Armenian SSR were included in the formation processes of the USSR and only on one part of the territory of Karabakh on July 7 1923 by decision of the Central Executive Revolutionary Committee of Azerbaijan SSR the Nagorno Karabakh Autonomous Oblast was formed within Azerbaijan SSR by which in fact the Karabakh conflict was not resolved but temporarily frozen Moreover everything was done so that Nagorno Karabakh Autonomous Oblast had no common border with Armenia But during the entire Soviet period the Armenians of Nagorno Karabakh never put up with this decision and for decades struggled for reunification with the motherland During the entire period of being of Nagorno Karabakh Autonomous Oblast within Azerbaijan SSR the leadership of this republic had been regularly and consistently violating the rights and interests of the Armenian population Discriminatory policies by Azerbaijan against Nagorno Karabakh was reflected in attempts of artificially suspending the social economic development of the region turning it into a raw materials appendage actively intervening in the demographic process aimed at ethnic cleansing destructing and misappropriating Armenian monuments and cultural values Discrimination from Azerbaijan towards Nagorno Karabakh had its impact on the population of Karabakh and became the main reason of latter s migration As a result the correlation of the Karabakh population changed if in 1923 Armenians amounted to 94 4 percent of the population of Nagorno Karabakh according to 1989 statistics the number of Armenians had reduced to 76 9 percent The policy of ethnic cleansings had more success on another Armenian territory in Nakhichevan The people of NKAO and authorities of Armenian SSR had sent lots of applications to the Soviet central authorities asking about the reconsideration of the decision on incorporating Nagorno Karabakh to Azerbaijan which were ignored or rejected causing persecutions against the initiators Among these applications are the application of the Government and the Communist Party Central

    Original URL path: http://www.belgium.mfa.am/en/karabagh/ (2015-11-25)
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