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  • MVM Consulting Company Armenia - Legal Consulting Armenia, Consulting Armenia, Accounting Armenia, Legal Services Armenia, Consulting Services Armenia
    internal affairs including revenue and taxation matters Infrastructure And Economy Whilst the financial services sector provides Jersey s main source of income the tourist industry continues to be important There are various other less significant sources of income including agriculture and fishing Air services from Jersey are excellent with services to London being particularly frequent There are also flights to many European centres including Paris and Amsterdam Jersey relies upon sea transportation for the importation of the majority of the goods and materials Jersey enjoys excellent telecommunications with the rest of the world as it uses the United Kingdom s digital network Language English is used in all aspects of the financial and commercial activities of the Island However French remains the official language of the Royal Court of Jersey but is used only on ceremonial occasions and concerning transactions involving Jersey real property Currency The Jersey Pound is on par with the UK Pound The Island issues its own notes and coinage which are freely interchangeable with the UK Pound Exchange Control None Type Of Law Largely based on English Common Law with many French features Principal Corporate Legislation Companies Jersey Law 1991 as amended Company Information Type Of Company For International Trade And Investment Exempt Company Procedure To Incorporate By submission of the Memorandum and Articles of Association to the Financial Services Department together with notification of the Registered Office address the names nationalities and addresses of the directors and shareholders character references relating to the beneficial owners and a full description of the proposed company s trading and or investment activities Restrictions On Trading A Jersey Exempt Company cannot trade within Jersey or undertake the business of banking deposit taking insurance assurance reinsurance fund management asset management other than its own assets or any other activity associated with the banking finance and insurance industries Powers Of Company A Jersey Company has all the powers of a natural person Language Of Legislation And Corporate Documents English Registered Office Required Yes Must be maintained in Jersey Name Approval Required Yes by formal request to the financial services department Time Scale To Incorporate Usually five working days after submission of application to incorporate a company Can also be incorporated in two hours as long as the applicant meets certain criteria the name is approved and an additional payment of 40 is paid to the Financial Services Department Name Restrictions A name that is similar to or identical to an existing company or registered entity Names of well known multi national companies without prior written consent Names that imply illegal activities Names that imply royal or government patronage either local or foreign Names Requiring Consent Or A Licence The following names or their derivatives Jersey bank building society savings loans insurance assurance reinsurance building society Chamber of Commerce council co operative trust trustees finance international or their foreign language equivalent Language Of Name The name of a Jersey registered company can be in any language using the Latin alphabet as long

    Original URL path: http://www.mvm.am/?p=jersey&l=eng (2012-12-28)
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  • MVM Consulting Company Armenia - Legal Consulting Armenia, Consulting Armenia, Accounting Armenia, Legal Services Armenia, Consulting Services Armenia
    of the founder s rights and is a hybrid between a company limited by shares and a foundation It is popular because with minor exceptions it is free to conduct all kinds of business including non trading activities such as holding passive investments Procedure To Incorporate The procedure for the establishment of Liechtenstein entities follows Civil Law practice The procedure requires the submission to the Offentlichkeitsregister Public Registry of the following information The Deed constituting the statutes not the By laws signed by the subscriber or agent The proposed name of the company Share capital division of capital and type of shares where appropriate A declaration that the minimum capital has been paid in to a Bank in either Liechtenstein or Switzerland Names addresses and nationalities of directors and confirmation that they consent to act as directors Confirmation that a Liechtenstein resident representative has been appointed Restrictions On Trading A Liechtenstein body corporate or trust cannot undertake the business of banking insurance assurance reinsurance fund management collective investment schemes or any other activity that would suggest an association with the Banking or Finance industries unless a special licence is obtained Powers Of Company The powers of Liechtenstein bodies corporate are contained in the Company s statutes within the framework of the PGR but may be defined in such a way to provide general powers Language Of Legislation And Corporate Documents German but foreign language translations can be obtained Registered Office Required Entities must appoint a local representative SHELF COMPANIES AVAILABLE Owing to the costs associated with incorporation and the paid up share capital requirements shelf companies are not widely available Time Scale To Incorporate Subject to the proposed name being approved by the Public Registry and the criteria for incorporation has been strictly adhered to a body corporate or trust can be established in 3 5 working days Name Restrictions A name that is identical or similar to an existing name A major name that is known to exist elsewhere A name that may imply government patronage A name that in the opinion of the Registrar may be considered undesirable Language Of Name The name of a body corporate or trust entity may use any language using the Latin alphabet but the Public Registry may require a German translation Names Requiring Consent Or A Licence The following names or their derivatives bank building society savings insurance assurance reinsurance fund management investment fund Liechtenstein state country municipality principality Red Cross and their foreign language equivalents Suffixes To Denote Limited Liability Aktiengesellschaft AG Gesellschaft mit beschränkter Haftung GmbH Anstalt Establishment DISCLOSURE OF BENEFICIAL OWNER TO AUTHORITIES None but the identity of the beneficial owners must be provided to the local representatives trust management company only Compliance Authorised Share Capital The minimum authorised issued and paid up share capital for An Aktiengesellschaft is CHF 50 000 An Anstalt is CHF 30 000 A Stiftung is CHF 30 000 A Trust Enterprise is CHF 30 000 Classes Of Shares Permitted An Aktiengesellschaft may issue

    Original URL path: http://www.mvm.am/?p=liechtenstein-trust&l=eng (2012-12-28)
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  • MVM Consulting Company Armenia - Legal Consulting Armenia, Consulting Armenia, Accounting Armenia, Legal Services Armenia, Consulting Services Armenia
    last 7 completed accounting periods of the company Accounting records for the current accounting period and for the last 7 completed accounting periods of the company The share register The share register if undivided is the company s principal register and must be kept at its registered office If divided the registers may be kept elsewhere A Company that is formed and registered in New Zealand under the New Zealand Companies Act 1993 NZ Company as well as a body corporate that is incorporated and registered outside New Zealand but is carrying on business in New Zealand Overseas Company are required to file an Annual Return in a designated month and pay the required annual filing fee Financial Reporting Act 1993 Auditor and AIL Resolution that no auditor be appointed This can apply only where at least 75 ownership of record is in New Zealand or where the sole shareholder is a New Zealand resident However a company can unanimously pass a resolution that no auditor is appointed If the company has done so the date on which that resolution was passed should be provided in the date boxes Annual General Meeting Every company should hold an annual meeting of shareholders once every calendar year The Companies Act 1993 details certain things that should be done at that meeting either by resolution or as otherwise specified A Company can avoid holding an annual general meeting if within the time prescribed for having a meeting all matters specified in the Companies Act 1993 to be done either by resolution or otherwise at that meeting are done by way of a resolution in writing If this occurred and the company did not hold an annual meeting the date of the last resolution relating to a matter specified to be actioned at an annual meeting should be given Failure to file an Annual Return Companies that fail to file their Annual Returns by the due date are required to pay a late filing penalty The Registrar of Companies sends a letter to remind companies and directors of companies that their Annual Return is overdue If no response to that reminder is received it is presumed that the company has ceased to carry on business and action is commenced to remove the company from the register It is important to maintain the addresses notified to the Registrar and file your Annual Return on time Authorized Company Names Company names that include words or phrases protected by the Flags Emblems and Name Protection Act 1981 or by any other enactment will not be approved These include names having royal national international and commercial or other significance The Registrar does not consider whether a name could breach any other enactment e g the Fair Trading Act 1986 or the Trade Marks Act 1953 The Fair Trading Act contains a general prohibition against misleading and deceptive conduct This could include carrying on business under a name that is misleading or deceptive Identical or almost identical Certain words

    Original URL path: http://www.mvm.am/?p=new-zealand&l=eng (2012-12-28)
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  • MVM Consulting Company Armenia - Legal Consulting Armenia, Consulting Armenia, Accounting Armenia, Legal Services Armenia, Consulting Services Armenia
    gradually rise as a part of the ongoing urbanization Sweden s capital is Stockholm which is also the largest city in the country population of 1 3 million in the urban area and with 2 million in the metropolitan area The second and third largest cities are Gothenburg and Malmö Sweden is a constitutional monarchy with a parliamentary system of government and a highly developed economy It ranks first in the world in The Economist s Democracy Index and seventh in the United Nation s Human Development Index Sweden has been a member of the European Union since 1 January 1995 and is a member of the OECD The main types of company in Sweden The five most popular forms of corporate structure in Sweden are as follows private limited company public limited company branch office of a foreign company partnership sole trader The main features of a private limited company suitable for even the smallest company board may consist of just one member plus a deputy minimum share capital is SEK 100 000 10 713 owner s liability is limited to assets of the company The main features of a public limited company standard format for large companies minimum share capital is SEK 500 000 53 568 board of directors to have at least three members managing director and 50 of board must be resident in EEA The reporting requirements for limited companies Irrespective of size and whether it is private or public a limited company has to file annual accounts with the Patent and Registration Office In addition the annual report has to be audited The main features of a branch office A foreign company that wishes to operate in Sweden without establishing a subsidiary can set up a branch office instead The branch must have a managing

    Original URL path: http://www.mvm.am/?p=sweden&l=eng (2012-12-28)
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  • MVM Consulting Company Armenia - Legal Consulting Armenia, Consulting Armenia, Accounting Armenia, Legal Services Armenia, Consulting Services Armenia
    direct services to many cities world wide and domestic air travel is excellent offering frequent services to most cities Language Switzerland is one of the most multilingual countries in Europe German French Italian and Romansh a Rhaeto Romance offshoot of Latin are the official languages in Switzerland Currency Swiss Franc Exchange Control None Type Of Law Civil Law Principal Corporate Legislation Schweizerisches Obligationenrecht Swiss Code of Obligations Bundesgesetz über Schuldbetreibung und Konkurs Swiss Federal law on Debt Collection and Bankruptcy Bundesgesetz über die direkte Bundessteuer Federal Law on Direct Taxation Bundesgesetz über die Banken und Sparkassen Swiss Federal Act on Banks and Savings Associations Bundesgesetz über die Anlagefonds Federal Act on open ended Investment Companies Bundesgesetz über die Internationale Privatrecht Federal Act on Private International Law Company Information Type Of Company For International Trade And Investment Aktiengesellschaft AG Stock Company Gesellschaft mit beshränkter Haftung GmbH Limited Liability Company Procedure To Incorporate Submission to the Commercial Register of the following documentation Public Deed of Incorporation executed before a Notary Public Articles of Incorporation Confirmation by a Bank that the share capital is held in an account Consent to act forms signed by the proposed directors Declaration of the applicants Application to the Commercial Register covering the above documentation and including the notarised signature of the person appointed to represent the company Restrictions On Trading Unless suitably licensed a company incorporated in Switzerland cannot undertake the business of banking insurance assurance reinsurance fund management collective investment schemes or any other activity that would suggest an association with the banking or finance industries Powers Of Company A company incorporated in Switzerland has the same powers as a natural person Language Of Legislation And Corporate Documents Swiss official language but foreign language translations can be obtained Registered Office Required Yes must be maintained in the Canton of incorporation Time To Incorporate Subject to the proposed name being approved by the Commercial Register and the criteria for incorporation being strictly adhered to a company can be established in ten working days Name Restrictions A name that is identical or similar to an existing name A major name that is known to exist elsewhere A name that may imply government patronage A name that in the opinion of the Registrar may be considered undesirable Language Of Name The name of a body corporate or trust entity may use any language using the Latin alphabet but the Public Registry may require a translation in to an official Swiss language Names Requiring Consent Or A Licence Bank building society savings insurance assurance reinsurance fund management investment fund Switzerland state country municipality principality Red Cross and their foreign language equivalents Suffixes To Denote Limited Liability Aktiengesellschaft AG Gesellschaft mit beshränkter Haftung GmbH Disclosure Of Beneficial Owner To Authorities AG None GmbH information is available in the commercial register Bank character references on the beneficial owners must be provided to the local representatives trust management company Share Capital Taxation Licence Fees Compliance Authorised And Issued Share Capital AG This type

    Original URL path: http://www.mvm.am/?p=switzerland&l=eng (2012-12-28)
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  • MVM Consulting Company Armenia - Legal Consulting Armenia, Consulting Armenia, Accounting Armenia, Legal Services Armenia, Consulting Services Armenia
    affiliations the country is a founding member of the European Union EU NATO OECD WTO and has signed the Kyoto protocol With Belgium and Luxembourg it forms the Benelux economic union The country is host to five international courts the Permanent Court of Arbitration the International Court of Justice the International Criminal Tribunal for the Former Yugoslavia the International Criminal Court and the Special Tribunal for Lebanon The first four are situated in The Hague as is the EU s criminal intelligence agency Europol This has led to the city being dubbed the world s legal capital The Netherlands has a very capitalist market based economy ranking 12th of 157 countries according to the Index of Economic Freedom Languages Official Danish spoken English French and German Companies There are four major kinds of business entity and they are as follows public limited company NV private limited company BV partnerships branches The main features of an NV company the minimum share capital for an NV company is 45 000 at least 20 of the authorised share capital must be issued suitable for companies wishing to raise capital publicly no nationality requirement for shareholders audited accounts must be filed with Chamber of Commerce The main features of a BV company the minimum share capital for a BV company is 18 000 shareholders liability is restricted to capital contribution the most common form of business enterprise in The Netherlands no nationality requirement for shareholders audited accounts must be filed with Chamber of Commerce The main features of a partnership available as a general professional or limited partnership general partnerships have unlimited liability in professional partnership each partner is liable for own debts limited partnerships have limited liability The main features of a branch popular format for foreign companies opening up in The Netherlands

    Original URL path: http://www.mvm.am/?p=netherlands&l=eng (2012-12-28)
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  • MVM Consulting Company Armenia - Legal Consulting Armenia, Consulting Armenia, Accounting Armenia, Legal Services Armenia, Consulting Services Armenia
    Corporate Documents Preparation Of Local Acts Registration And Reorganization Of Companies Court Consulting Legal Consulting Tax Consulting Accounting Services Bureau of translations Offshore European Jurisdictions Australia Austria Denmark Finland France Gibraltar Isle of Man Jersey Liechtenstein Trust New Zealand Sweden Switzerland The Netherlands Offshore Jurisdictions Comparative table News Partners Links Vacancy Contacts Offshore Jurisdictions Anguilla The Bahamas Belize British Virgin Islands Brunei Cayman Islands Cyprus Delaware Dominica United Arab Emirates

    Original URL path: http://www.mvm.am/?p=offshore-jurisdictions&l=eng (2012-12-28)
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  • MVM Consulting Company Armenia - Legal Consulting Armenia, Consulting Armenia, Accounting Armenia, Legal Services Armenia, Consulting Services Armenia
    000 1 1 yes no yes Bahamas IBC no 5 000 1 1 yes no no Belize IBC no 50 000 1 1 yes no yes the custody of the trustee British Virgin Islands IBC no 50 000 1 1 yes no yes the custody of the trustee United Kingdom Resident 19 30 1 1 yes yes no Gibraltar Exempt Non resident GBP 2000 paid 2 1 1 yes yes no Hong Kong Privet Limited Nil on Foreign profits HKD 10 000 paid 2 2 2 yes yes no Delaware USA C Corp Different LLC no 150k Not specified 1 2 1 1 no no no no no no Dominica IBC no 10 000 1 1 yes no yes the custody of the trustee Ireland Resident 12 5 2 2 yes yes no Cayman Islands Exempt no 50 000 1 1 yes no yes the custody of the trustee Liechtenstein AG 0 1 tax on Kaitaia 4 on dividends CHF 50k 1 1 yes yes yes Cook Islands Exempt no Not specified 1 1 yes no yes Mauritius GBC1 15 GBC2 no 100 1 1 1 1 yes yes no no no yes Madeira Limitada 1 3 IHC credit refund

    Original URL path: http://www.mvm.am/?p=comparative-table&l=eng (2012-12-28)
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